Last time we found how to find the perfect pot size for autoflowering plants and now we need to see what to put in those pots.
Almost all autoflowering cannabis plants are very tough and can grow in any soil but how well they can grow and how much yield they can produce are very crucial questions to ask yourself.
Most of the commercial cross-breed hybrids are very picky, can stay very short and yield very small yields if they don’t receive adequate nutrients and aeration from that soil or soilless mix. When buying your soil/soilless mix you need to think about all the aspects that are involved in the plants well being.
Light or heavy
First thing you need to know before buying your growing medium is – autoflower plants love to grow in “airy” growing medium. Airy means that the growing medium should be very spongy and allow the root mass to penetrate it well. If the soil is not “light” enough then the roots will struggle to penetrate the ground and that will stress your plant. Heavy soil will also stress autoflower plants by not allowing the roots to get enough oxygen and not allowing the water to penetrate the soil, leaving some dry spots in the middle. If the growing mix is too “light” then roots won’t be able to hold, support the plant and it will easily roll over. Too light soil will also struggle to hold water and will dry up in short amount of time.
This means that you should look for a growing medium that is airy, but if you can’t get a hold of such a thing then ad some Perlite to increase the water drainage and root penetration.
Second thing that affects your plant is the nutrients that are in the soil.
Soilless mixes usually have almost no nutrients and you will need to ad them with fertilizers during the growth of the plant.
Soil in other hand will always have some amount of nutrient in it and you need to check the package to see what they are and how long can a plant live only on nutrient that are in the growing medium. Usually commercial potting soil contains all the necessary nutrient and they are time released so that when your plant needs them they will become available. These mixes are very different and you need to check the label on each of them but in general a soil that contains these necessary elements like Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus will be able to support and feed your plant for the first 3 to 5 weeks and you won’t need to add additional fertilized in that time period.
The third and the final thing that you need to check is the PH of that soil or soilless mix. The PH or the PH scale measures how acidic or alkaline the solution is. The PH of 7 is neutral and that means the growing solution is not either alkaline nor acidic. If the PH number is below 7 then the growing medium is acidic but if the number is above 7 then the solution is alkaline. Auto flowering cannabis plants are the same as non-auto-flowering ones and they love their growing medium to be a little acidic and the number you are looking for is somewhere between 6.2 and 6.5 but a little variation to each side should not affect your plant that much. Usually commercial soil or soilless mixes are neutral and you don’t need to worry about this factor, but you should definitely check the label of the bag to see if there isn’t something written about a lower or higher PH. But the thing about soil/soilless mixes is that they work like a buffer and they can even out the PH levels and that is why beginners should start with these growing mediums and only after you have mastered them you can move on to hydroponics.